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Of Course a Russian Dog Is Trained to Fetch Vodka

Of Course a Russian Dog Is Trained to Fetch Vodka


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Can we train him to go grab a bottle exactly at 5 p.m.?

Honestly, this video may just speak for itself. YouTube channel "Meanwhile in Russia" has this incredible footage of a hunting dog fetching a handle of vodka for a treat. Apparently the dog's name is Tsar, and he is adorable.

According to the YouTube section, "Tsar the dog knows exactly how to be man's best friend. He is very talanted and clever dog as you can see." Naturally, this has been done before, with all the "beer me" dogs on YouTube. But vodka? That's definitely heavier than a can of beer.

In the meantime, we're going to go try to get our tiny maltese to do this. It probably won't work, since maltese dogs are tiny, but New York City apartments are limiting. The guy in the video has a short-haired German pointer, which might be a better bet. Now please excuse us as we try to name dog breeds that can fit the word "vodka" in them. Vodkita? Vodkanaan? Nevermind, just watch the video for inspiration.


17 Dog Breeds From Russia

It’s a giant world out there and with Russia being the largest country on Earth, covering 11 different time zones, all this room gives space enough for the development of different dog breeds and there are certainly plenty of Russian dog breeds.

Each breed was uniquely created to survive in the harsh Russian climate and they all serve various purposes. But as dogs, Russian or otherwise, they still love their families and require the love and care all pups are due!

17 Russian Dog Breeds

#1 – Black Russian Terrier

The Black Russian Terrier was developed in the 1940s in the then USSR. It was used mainly as a military working dog, created by breeding a multitude of imported breeds from occupied countries, such as Giant Schnauzers and Rottweilers. Until 1957, Black Russian Terriers only came out of Moscow’s Red Star Kennel.

#2 – Bolonka

The Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka is a Russian dog breed of Bichon type and covers two breeds, the Franzuskaya Bolonka and the Bolonka Zwetnaya. The ancestor of the breeds was a French dog brought to czarist Russia in the 18th and 19th centuries. The fluffy dogs were bred mostly as fashionable companions for wealthy women.

#3 – Borzoi

The Borzoi, or Russian Wolfhound, is a sighthound bred for hunting wolves that dates back to the 9th and 10th centuries. Hunting trials were held for a long period of time to determine proper breeding stock for the Borzoi, until wolf hunting with sighthounds fell out of fashion.

#4 – Caucasian Shepherd Dog

The Caucasian Shepherd Dog, or Caucasian Ovcharka, is a Molosser breed originating in the Caucasus mountains. Most of the Caucasian dogs are similar in type and vary only slightly depending on their region, although they were crossbred. The Caucasian Shepherd Dog was created as a livestock and property guardian. This large dog is known for its aggressive nature.

#5 – Central Asian Shepherd Dog

The Central Asian Shepherd dog originates from the former Soviet Union and was bred as a livestock and property guardian. The breed was also used in traditional dog fighting, in which the dogs seldom injured each other. Shepherds and farmers set their males against each other to find the most dominant dog in the group, but not necessarily the most aggressive.

#6 – Chortai

A sighthound hailing from Russia, the Chortai, also spelled C hortaj, looks much like a Greyhound without the dramatic waistline. Thought to be descended from the now extinct dog breeds the Krymskaja and the Gorskaja, the National Purebred Society reports the first descriptions of the Chortai appear in the mid-nineteenth century. A fast hound, the Chortai was used in conjunction with hunters on horseback and their falcons or other birds of prey.

The Chortai isn’t the only rare breed, here are 21 Rare Dog Breeds You Didn’t Know Existed.

#7 – East European Shepherd

@inaundkuno/Instagram

This Russian dog breed came to be after German Shepherds were bred to withstand the harsh Russian climate. With such a similar appearance, it’s no wonder these dogs are also known as the Russian German Shepherd. As a large dog with strong protective instincts, the East European Shepherd makes an ideal working dog.

Keep scrolling for more Russian dog breeds!

#8 – Laika

The Laika is a hunting dog originating in Russia, known for its method of hunting, called bark-pointing, in which it would “point” out prey by barking at it. The breed is separated into four different types, the Eastern Siberian Laika, Russo-European Laika, Western Siberian Laika, and the Yakutian Laika. They were used frequently up until the 19th and 20th centuries when industrialization brought other types of hunting dogs to Russia.

To learn more about hunting dogs breeds, check out these 11 Dog Breeds That Have A High Prey Drive.

#9 – Moscow Watchdog

This Russian dog is popular in its home country, bred by the army as a dependable and easily trained guard dog. While not a cuddly pup, they can be trained to patience with the right handling. They aren’t for families as their genetics hold the memory of their past as war dogs with a fighting spirit.

#10 – Moscow Water Dog

The Moscow Water Dog, known also as the Moscow Vodolaz, was bred from Caucasian Shepherd Dogs and East European Shepherds to create the ideal dog breed for use in the Russian Navy. Now an extinct dog breed, the Moscow Water Dog weighed over 100 pounds as an adult and had an aggressive nature. He was a dog built for work, not hugs.

#11 – Russian Spaniel

The Russian Spaniel was standardized in 1951 and was developed by crossbreeding various spaniels. Cocker Spaniels were used for hunting in Russia but were found to be of little use, because their small size couldn’t get them through the harsh Russian terrain. Breeding for longer legged gun dogs soon became popular.

#12 – Russian Tracker

Another extinct dog breed, the Russian tracker was bred to hunt in the Caucasus Mountains. Having to battle the harsh, cold elements, this Russian dog breed bore a double-layered coat and extreme intelligence. According to K9web.com, as one of the breeds in the Golden Retriever lineage, the Tracker looks much like a Golden, sharing “share the same glamorous coat and build,” but reached weights of 100 lbs.

In addition to the Tracker, here are 15 Dog Breeds That Are Now Extinct.

#13 – Russian Toy

The Russian Toy was bred exclusively in Russia until their political isolation diminished. There are two types, a smooth and long coated dog, with their various standards written in 1966. It wasn’t until the 1990s that the breed was known outside of its homeland and it faced near extinction after the fall of the Iron Curtain. It’s original purpose was a watchdog and ratter.

#14 – Samoyed

The Samoyed was originally a reindeer herder and carting dog developed by the Samoyedic peoples of Siberia. It’s thick coat kept it warm and safe during the extremely harsh winter conditions. Recent studies have confirmed that the Samoyed is one of the most ancient dog breeds and they have been bred and trained for over 3,000 years.

What’s the oldest dog breed known? Find out with The 10 Most Ancient Dog Breeds In Existence.

#15 – Siberian Husky

The Siberian Husky is one of the most ancient dog breeds in existence, as confirmed by DNA analysis of various dog breeds. It was developed in the harsh Siberian climate as a sledding and carting dog. The breed helped people survive arctic winters. It became popularized during the 1925 Alaskan diphtheria outbreak, in which a team of Siberian Huskies was able to transport serum over 600 miles when no other mode of transportation could make it through the climate.

#16 – South Russian Ovcharka

@liven_iva_zaliv/Instagram

Called also the South Russian Sheepdog and the Ukrainian Shepherd Dog, the Ovcharka is a hardworking livestock guard dog with a shaggy coat designed to keep them warm in the cold Russian winter. While protective of flocks and their people, the Ovcharka tends to be independent. They require a experienced owner for firm training against their stubborn ways.

#17 – Sulimov Dog

@cachorros_gatos_e_cia/Instagram

Developed by Soviet biologist Klim Sulimov in 1980s, the Sulimov is a Russian dog breed created by crossing Laponian herding dogs and the Golden Jackal. They are reportedly energetic dogs who are eager to please. However, they aren’t seen often outside Russia. Because of their strong sense of smell, Sulimov dogs are employed to sniff out explosives at Moscow’s Sheremetyevo Airport.


How to Train a Goose Dog

Dogs have always played an important role in my life. My earliest memory is of me astride our small German Shepherd/Husky mix, dog-back riding. No saddle horse was ever as well-trained as that dog. As I grew, dog riding became impossible, so I focused on more traditional canine pursuits: sit, heel, lie down, stay. Training our dogs became an obsession with me, and no methodology was too bizarre if it achieved the desired result.

I recall, for instance, the time I decided to teach our longcoated German Shepherd, Caitie, to speak on command. My family watched dubiously. I stood before her, firmly commanded “Speak!” and then myself “woofed.” At my first “bark,” Caitie cocked her head to the side. I repeated the procedure. The third time I said, “Speak,” Caitie leaned forward with an eager “woof.” I rewarded her with a treat from my coat and an effusive hug. From that time on, Caitie “spoke” on command. The fact that she also began barking at other times — when she wanted to come in, or go out, or for no real reason in particular — rendered our success somewhat less meritorious.

The next time I resumed my dog-training pursuits, the goal was nothing as frivolous as entertainment. This training would benefit our livelihood. My family owns a farm that produces winter rye as one of the crops. When all other crops succumb to snow and freezing temperatures, the rye endures. The tender roots hold the precious topsoil in place through winter’s cycles of freezing and thawing, preventing erosion. Then in the spring, the limp green shoots grow tall and stiff. It is at this time that we mow it and bale it into square straw bales that we sell for decoration, mulch or construction. It is a valuable crop … if it weren’t for the geese.

Each winter, thousands of Canada geese migrate to warmer climes, and each winter they tarry at our farm. And eat our rye. Some years their voracious feeding has completely decimated our crop. My great-grandfather used to combat Canada geese by firing a twelve-gauge shotgun in the air. When that no longer scattered the flocks, we tried a loud bird cannon. The resounding booms scared the geese for a while … but only until they grew accustomed to the regularity of the noise. Then it was back to grazing as usual.

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About this time, my affection for training dogs came to my aid. My current dog was a tri-colored Sheltie named Bailey. By breeding, Bailey was a herding dog. By practice, he was a couch potato. Bailey’s former owners lived in the suburbs of Chicago, so his natural skills of bunching and directing sheep were, well, underdeveloped, to say the least. I, however, was undeterred. Bailey was a purebred, pedigreed herding dog with a little schooling, breeding would tell. So I began a training regimen designed to take my dog from laid-back house pet to aggressive goose-chaser.

In any program of this sort, the first goal is to create pleasurable associations with the desired outcome. In other words, the dog has to think he does his job because he likes it, not because he’s ordered to. I determined to connect “geese” with “fun.” Training began the first time a flock of geese flew overhead honking loudly. Stopping in my tracks, I pointed to the sky and said breathlessly, “Geese, Bailey! Geese!” Bailey, of course, had no idea what “geese” meant, but being highly intuitive he knew it was exciting. He lifted his little black ears, circled me at a run and barked frantically. Within a very short time, any mention of “geese” elicited this exuberant response. Step one accomplished.

The next step was to transfer his enthusiasm from the word “geese” to the act of chasing geese. This proved slightly more difficult. One day I took Bailey to a field full of geese. I waved my right arm in the direction of the fowl: “Get the geese, Bailey! Get the geese!” My dog yapped and circled and jumped and cavorted … but he never once headed toward the desired objects. Utter failure.

I recalled my experience with Caitie. Perhaps a demonstration was required. Since the geese still sat there placidly eating, I commenced immediately. “Get the geese, Bailey! Get the geese!” I called, running toward the geese while waving my arm in their direction. Bailey loved this new game. He ran alongside me, periodically circling and barking. When the geese finally took flight, I got the impression it was more out of sympathy than fear.

I do confess that the incident undermined my confidence, but not for long. After all, it was only the first attempt. Next time would be better.

It wasn’t. Nor was the third or the fourth or the fifth. I couldn’t understand it. My dog was smart. At the slightest movement of my hand, he would sit, lie down, stay (more or less), come or go upstairs. He had a working vocabulary on a par with most college students. What was the hang-up with Get the geese?

I understood Get the geese. Sometimes I found myself stopping mid-sentence when I heard geese approaching: “Geese, Bailey, geese!” I got to the point where I would pull my car over to the side of the road when I saw geese eating, let the dog out of the car and run at them pell-mell yelling, “Get the geese, Bailey!” Walking back to the car after one such episode I had to ask myself, Just who’s training whom here? I almost quit trying. The only thing that kept me going was my brother’s smug look after each abortive attempt and his condescending, “That dog will never learn to chase geese.”

Perhaps Bailey sensed my despair. Perhaps the months of rigorous repetition did their work. Perhaps he knew what I wanted all along and just wanted to see how long he could keep me running around rye fields like a woman possessed. I don’t know. All I do know is that one day as Bailey and I walked my horses to pasture, we skirted a rye field being ravaged by geese. Saying anything was useless: My hands were busy with three 1,700-pound horses. I wasn’t chasing geese this trip.

That’s when it happened. My dog suddenly took off across the field, his tiny body barely skimming the dirt. Silently he hurtled toward the geese. Within yards of them, his telltale bark exploded. So did the geese. Black-and-white Vs scattered into the air, squawking indignantly. Bailey turned and trotted in my direction. Two impertinent ganders settled back to the ground. Bailey turned and barreled toward them again. This time they took off for good.

I stood at the side of the field, my jaw brushing the tops of my boots. Bailey stopped at my feet, his tongue lolling and his tail wagging. I stretched my arms as far as the lead ropes would allow and ruffled his perky ears. I couldn’t believe it: I had finally trained a goose-dog.


Israel With a Russian Accent (and Pork)

MARINA from Belarus and Ida from Ukraine were selling jewelry on fold-up tables by the beach, alongside Malka from Georgia. On the way over, I had met Natalya from Russia and Igor from Uzbekistan, who were holding hands as they strolled around a hilltop park, sunning themselves on a sparkling winter afternoon. Should it have been any surprise that Yana, the saleswoman at the nearby mall, grew up in Azerbaijan?

All around me in the Israeli city of Ashdod, people were chatting in Russian, darting in and out of stores with signs in Cyrillic, living the lives that they had once lived, as if they were in a mythical, far-flung former Soviet republic. I had come from Moscow to explore Israel, but when I reached Ashdod, a port on the Mediterranean that is shunned by most guidebooks, I almost felt as if I were back where I had started. Minus the snow.

Israel has many guises: Jewish and Christian, Arab and secular, pottery-shard old and stiletto-heel new. Over the last two decades, a wave of immigration from the former Soviet Union has added another piece to the country’s mosaic of cultures and identities and textures. Russian speakers now account for roughly 15 percent of Israel’s 7.5 million people. Even so, their influence is not ballyhooed for outsiders. You can spend a week or two as a tourist and have only an inkling of their impact.

But it is everywhere. On Channel 9, news anchors discuss the latest wrangling with the Palestinians in the language of Pushkin. Graduates of Soviet institutes have helped transform the Tel Aviv region into such a fertile high-tech center that some Israelis quip that you have to master Russian to get ahead there. Across the country, the symphonies and theaters abound with performers trained in Moscow or St. Petersburg or Kiev. So do the streets. One day, I approached a violinist fiddling for change in Jerusalem and, on a lark, greeted him in Russian. He was from Siberia.

The younger crowd frequents Bar Putin in Jerusalem, where the walls are decorated with photos of the man himself, as well as advertisements for Soviet champagne and vintage Communist Party posters. You can dine on Georgian or Uzbek specialties in Tel Aviv, or examine rare volumes spirited out of the shtetl at the Russian Library in Jerusalem, which has been championed by Israel’s most famous Russian immigrant, the dissident Natan (formerly Anatoly) Sharansky. And then there is the most startling symbol of this influx: pork. But more on that later.

As a resident of Russia, I found something poignant in the world of these immigrants. In their tumultuous history in the Soviet Union and in the Russian empire before it, Jews were subjected to brutal prejudice yet often flourished. And so their exodus has left a gap in these societies. Of course, Jews have remained, and communities are reviving. But in Israel, you can catch a refracted glimpse of what once was.

A fine place to start is Ashdod, a coastal industrial center of 210,000 people that is Israel’s fifth largest city and a 45-minute ride south from Tel Aviv. It is here that high-rise buildings sprouted in the 1990s to provide apartments for families from the former Soviet Union, who make up more than a third of the city’s population.

Most are not religious, a result of Soviet state-enforced atheism, and on a Saturday, the Jewish Sabbath, they thronged the beachfront, not the synagogues. The slightly shabby promenade reminded me of Brighton Beach in Brooklyn, another place with a Russian soul. I arrived to a beguiling scene: scores of people doing coordinated Israeli dances on an outdoor square, a sign that the newcomers (whether from the former Soviet Union or elsewhere) had embraced some Israeli traditions. In fact, Ashdod likes to consider itself the country’s dance capital.

“Ashdod is one of Israel’s secrets,” said David Stromberg, a journalist and cartoonist who was my navigator for the day. The son of immigrants who were born in Moldova and Georgia, he spent part of his childhood in the city.

“You could call this the Israeli Riviera,” he said. “It has a very pan-Mediterranean feel.”

Ashdod’s beaches did not disappoint, and while my wife and children swam, I mingled. I was curious as to whether adults who emigrated from the former Soviet Union as youngsters had a connection to the old country. Most of the people I met seemed pleased to be Israelis some were more ambivalent.

Leonid and Yulia Novikov walked by with their baby daughter and a few friends, all from Ukraine, now in their 20s. Mr. Novikov, a security guard, said he had visited Ukraine recently, and it did not seem familiar, especially now that he had served in the Israeli Army and learned Hebrew.

“I can’t really communicate with people in Ukraine in the same way anymore,” Mr. Novikov said. “My mentality has changed.”

Along the water, I ran into Valery Burbyga, 42, who was fishing. A machine-tool worker, Mr. Burbyga said he had left Kiev in the 1990s because the economy had swooned. He said he was a quarter Jewish — one grandfather — and his wife was Christian.

“I’m thankful to Israel that there is work here, and possibilities,” he said. “But I’m homesick.”

The religious status of his family was not unusual. Many people with partial or no Jewish ancestry arrived after the Soviet collapse in 1991.

Their presence — and that of Jewish immigrants with no religious background or interest in Judaism — has sometimes stirred resentment.

At Tiv Ta’am, an Israeli supermarket chain, you can see why.

The branch in Ashdod is huge, offering immigrants from the former Soviet Union (whatever their religion) a festival of pork, vodka, black bread and other Russian-oriented products. Cases are filled with pork salamis and sausages and hot dogs. And could there be anything more unkosher than slabs of salo, a salted pork fat that conjures up images of Ukrainian peasantry?

The food got us thinking about sampling a Russian restaurant, a goal that was more challenging than we expected. (What does a guy have to do around here to get a bowl of borscht?) In Ashdod, people directed us to a restaurant called Integral, which had a cook from the Ural Mountains. The food, while excellent, was more high-brow European-Russian fusion.

“A Russian never sells Russian cuisine,” Yevgeny Rassin, 40, co-owner of Integral, told me, only half joking. “Why? Because Grandma always makes it better at home.”

It was easier to find Georgian and Uzbek cuisine, both of which are very popular in the former Soviet Union — akin to Chinese or Mexican food in the United States. In Tel Aviv, we stumbled upon an appealing cafe called Caffeine, whose co-owner, Avi Ovadia, 30, emigrated from Georgia at age 11.

Mr. Ovadia, who has decorated the walls of the restaurant with worn photos of his family life in Georgia, said he obtained suluguni, the sour cheese that is a key Georgian ingredient, from an uncle in Israel who made it at home. It was as good as anything that I had had in Tbilisi, the Georgian capital.

The immigrants have brought not only a taste for pork, suluguni and vodka, but also a political bent that has tilted Israel to the right. Around Ashdod and other Russian enclaves, posters promote “Israel Is Our Home,” a rising political party whose base is Russian speakers. Its leader is Avigdor Lieberman, an immigrant from Moldova who is Israel’s foreign minister — and who has a good rapport with Vladimir V. Putin.

While the immigration from the former Soviet Union has been epic, there are questions about how long its influence can last, given assimilation.

Bar Putin in Jerusalem prides itself on offering “a night like you could have back in Russia,” said its co-owner, Yulia Kaplan, 27, who is from St. Petersburg. She spoke over music that ranged from the ballads of Vladimir Vysotsky, who was the Soviet Bob Dylan, to the latest bubblegum pop of Dima Bilan, winner of the 2008 Eurovision talent competition. Ms. Kaplan was not optimistic about future clientele.

“The children of Russians, they reject things Russian,” she said.

Still, the legacy will endure at the Russian Library in Jerusalem, whose founder, Clara Elbert, 57, was once a Moscow librarian. She delighted in pulling works off the shelves and recounting their origins for me.

Many of the 100,000 books were donated by immigrants: classics by Tolstoy, Communist Party records from the 1930s, stories translated to Russian from Yiddish, volumes of Russian Jewish newspapers, and mementos. “This is a first-place award for a student in the sixth grade, Shayna Grinberg,” reads an inscription from a work from 1880.

Not long ago, the library, which is part of the city system, was threatened with closing after losing its lease. A debate broke out about whether it was worth saving. Wasn’t the point of creating a new life in Israel to leave behind the old one, to cast aside the burdens of the Jews of the former Soviet Union? But after an outcry, the library acquired a home. “You cannot become a true Israeli,” Ms. Elbert said, “if you do not know where you came from.”

Several airlines offer nonstop flights between New York and Tel Aviv, including El Al, Continental and Delta. European carriers like British Air and Air France have connecting flights to Tel Aviv through their hub cities. Tourist visas are not required for American citizens.

WHERE TO EAT

Integral (6 Hagdud Haivri, Ashdod 972-8-866-8824) offers Russian-European fusion with plenty of brands of vodka on hand.

Nanuchka (30 Lilienblum Street, Tel Aviv 972-3-516-2254) has Georgian specialties in an atmosphere that turns ebullient late at night, with dancing on the tables.

Caffeine (63 Nachalat Binyamin Street, Tel Avivl 972-3-686-8986) is a charming Georgian cafe. Try the khachapuri, the signature bread filled with suluguni, the national cheese.

Fergana (54 Ha-Peled Street, Holon 972-3-556-0210) offers tasty and inexpensive Uzbek cuisine in a modest setting. The plov, the pilaf dish of Central Asia, and manti, meat dumplings, are excellent.

Bar Putin (19 Jaffo Street, Jerusalem 972-5-2431-9695) pays quirky homage to the Russian leader and his land.


How to Prepare for Hyperinflation

Over the years, and especially recently, there’s probably a word you have heard bandied about in regards to the economy that is whispered with dread, menace and the hushed, terrified awe of the boogeyman: Hyperinflation. Often talked about, rarely codified, and even more rarely explained in terms that everyday people can relate to, hyperinflation seems &hellip


4. Sweet Surrender Copper Cup Cocktail

The sweet surrender cocktail was inspired by the classic “Martinez” recipe. The only difference is that this one tastes smoother because of the lack of gin and vermouth. Nonetheless, the sweet surrender gives off that same citrusy, dry, and floral flavors you’ll find in the classic Martinez. Do you know what is even better? Pair this spirit with your ultimate jazz and soul music.

Ingredients

How to Make

  1. Rub the rim of a copper mug with an orange slice and dip it into sugar.
  2. Pour peach brandy and orange juice.
  3. Fill it with champagne.

ABOUT US

Jason Campbell, an Orlando native graduated from Le Cordon Bleu in 2004. Jason began his training at many well-established restaurants in the area. In 2008, he joined the team at The Ravenous Pig. Under the direction of the James Petrakis, Campbell worked his way up to become Chef de Cuisine at Cask + Larder.

In 2014, he relocated to Cincinnati and helmed the Chef de Cuisine position at Metropole at 21c Museum Hotels. He strived to create boundary-pushing, seasonally-driven dishes that led to Metropole being named among “Cincinnati” Magazine’s Best Restaurants.
In 2015, he was named Executive Chef of 21c Oklahoma City where he opened Mary Eddy’s Kitchen x Lounge. The dynamic menu changed frequently based on the availability of local products. Chef Campbell was voted “Best Chef” in Oklahoma City in 2016, 2017, respectively.

Eager to get back to the culinary scene of his home state, Campbell enthusiastically joins the culinary team of Luke’s Kitchen and Bar as Executive Chef. He is looking forward to cooking for his home city of Orlando, Florida once again.

MAKE A RESERVATION

HOURS

HOURS:
LUNCH:
Wednesday-Friday: 11:30 am – 5 pm
*Saturday & Sunday: 11 am – 5 pm

DINNER:
Sunday & Monday: 5 pm – 9 pm
Tuesday-Thursday: 5 pm – 10 pm
Friday & Saturday: 5 pm – 10:30 pm

HAPPY HOUR:
Monday-Friday 4 pm – 6 pm

*brunch menu available
from 11 am – 4 pm

DINNER

SNACKS

chips & dip //sour cream & onion, chives 7
fire roasted chickpeas // chili vinaigrette, mint 7
beef carpaccio // cabbage, russian dressing, gruyere, caraway 12
deviled eggs // bbq, funyun crunch, herbs 10
brioche // honey butter, florida strawberry jam, sunflower seed crunch 7
chicken wings // green chile, lime pickle, cilantro, herb buttermilk 15
grilled artichoke // tomato aioli, lemon 11

SOUP & SALAD

roasted tomato soup // artichoke relish 10
caesar // parmesan, lime, anchovy, garlic bread crumb 10
mixed greens // red onion, tomato, radish, sherry vinaigrette 9
heirloom tomato // buttermilk, aged cheddar, sunflower seed, bread crumb 13
add roasted chicken 4

ON THE SIDE

shishito peppers // strawberry, turnip, hazelnut, lime yogurt 7
sugar snap peas // sea salt, lemon, olive oil 7
roasted broccoli // boursin cheese, lemon breadcrumbs 7
florida corn // avocado crema, red chili, cilantro 7

COASTAL

key west pink shrimp // citrus chili butter, cilantro, crispy garlic 13
blackened fish collar // lime, salsa verde 13
smoked fish dip // celery, cucumber, radish, millet toast 12
royal red shrimp ceviche // green tomato, ramp, rhubarb, cilantro 13
oysters on the half shell // half dozen 18 / dozen 36

chairman’s reserve n.y. strip // loaded crispy potato, ramp butter 40
flat iron steak // salsa verde, herb fries 29
cauliflower steak // carrot romesco, fregula, shishito, golden raisin 22
pork porterhouse // florida peach, fennel salad 27
roasted chicken // farm carrot, feta, lime honey, pepitas, salsa verde 25
redfish // sweet pea, mushroom, garbanzo, fennel 30
mahi // broccolini, lemon vinaigrette, knobby onion, sourdough 29
cheeseburger // lettuce, tomato, sweet onion pickle 16

DESSERT

soft serve ice cream // tahitian vanilla, rotating seasonal flavor 5
float // root beer or coke, tahitian vanilla 5
banana tart // rum caramel, toasted meringue 6
key lime semifreddo // chantilly, coconut-graham crumble 6
chocolate cheesecake // passionfruit, sea salt 7
shortcake // florida strawberries, lemon cream 12

LUNCH

SNACKS

chips & dip // sour cream & onion, chives 7
chicken wings // green chile, agave lime pickle, cilantro 15
smoked fish dip // celery, cucumber, radish, multigrain toast 12
deviled eggs // bbq, funyun crunch, herbs 10
snapper ceviche // green tomato, ramp, rhubarb, cilantro 13
oysters on the half shell half dozen 18 // dozen 36

SOUP & SALAD

roasted tomato soup // artichoke relish 10
caesar // parmesan, lime, anchovy, garlic bread crumb 10
mixed greens // red onion, tomato, radish, sherry vinaigrette 9
heirloom tomato // buttermilk, aged cheddar, sunflower seed, bread crumb 13

add roasted chicken for 4

ON THE SIDE

shishito peppers // strawberry, turnip, hazelnut, lime yogurt 7
sugar snap peas // sea salt, lemon, olive oil 7
herb fries // thyme, rosemary, sea salt 5

curried romanesco // collard greens, raisin chutney, cheddar, millet grain toast 13
grilled chicken melt // sourdough, maitake, brie fondue, crispy skin 16
cheeseburger // lettuce, tomato, sweet onion pickle 16
blackened fish collar // asparagus, lemon butter, pearl onion, chili aioli, sourdough 16
flat iron steak // fries, salsa verde 22

LUNCH BOX 15 served wed-fri 11:30-2:30 pm dine in only

comes with:
soup //corn & black bean, lime crema
salad // tomato, cucumber, goat cheese, balsamic vinaigrette
appetizer // bbq pork rind, blue cheese dip

your choice:
snow crab claws // calabrian chili butter, parmesan
ginger pork slider // miso aioli, cabbage slaw
pole beans // garlic bread crumb, parmesan

includes iced tea or coffee and soft serve

BRUNCH

SNACKS

chips & dip // sour cream & onion, chive 7
deviled eggs // bbq, funyun crunch, herbs 10
smoked fish dip // celery, cucumber, radish, millet toast 12
chicken wings // green chile, agave lime pickle, cilantro 15
beef carpaccio // cabbage, russian dressing, gruyere, caraway, dill 12
snapper ceviche // green tomato, ramp, rhubarb, cilantro 13
kumamoto oysters // pineapple, chili, thai basil // half dozen 18

SOUP & SALAD

roasted tomato soup // artichoke relish 10
caesar // parmesan, lime, anchovy, garlic bread crumb 10
mixed greens // red onion, tomato, radish, sherry vinaigrette 9
heirloom tomato // buttermilk, aged cheddar, meyer lemon, bread crumb 13

ON THE SIDE

bacon 5
herb fries // thyme, rosemary, sea salt 5
sugar snap peas // sea salt, olive oil, lemon 7
shishito peppers // strawberry, turnip, macadamia, lime yogurt 7
loaded hash browns // scallion, sour cream, cheddar, bacon, jalapeno 8

BRUNCH

quiche // florida corn, scallion, aged cheddar, mixed greens 14
crab salad // heirloom tomato, basil, avocado, cucumber 16
french toast // coconut cream, pineapple, macadamia nut granola 13
ham steak // red eye jus, jupiter rice grits, swiss chard, corn, fried egg 15
avocado toast // marinated yogurt, caraway, snow pea, calabrian chili, poached egg 14
cheeseburger // lettuce, tomato, sweet onion pickle 16
pierogi // braised pork, sauerkraut, sour cream 16
curried romanesco // collard greens, raisin chutney, brie, multigrain 14
english muffin // country ham, folded egg, fresno chile, onion jam, garden salad 18

FROM THE BAR

mimosa // sparkling, orange juice 3 // 15
bellini // prosecco, raspberry or mango 6
red sangria // cabernet sauvignon, blueberry, orange, lemon 6 // 24
sparkling sangria // begonia blanca, strawberry, lemon, bubbles 6 // 24
cappelletti spritz // cappelletti, prosecco, soda 10
spicy bloody mary // tito’s vodka, house jalapeno bitters, tomato 8
the mule // tito’s vodka, fever tree ginger beer, lime 9

COCKTAILS & BEER

COCKTAIL

HAND-CRAFTED & SEASONALLY INSPIRED
the cat’s pajamas // tito’s vodka, barr hill gin, blackberry, honey, lavender, lemon 12
opposites attract // roku gin, aperol, salers, housemade falernum, lemon, angostura 12
crushed velvet // la caravedo pisco, batavia arrack, blueberry compote, lime, egg white 12
the naked bandit // vida mezcal, green chartreuse, aperol, pineapple, jalapeno, habanero, lime 13
el mariachi // hornitos reposado, passion fruit liqueur, pomelo & lime sour, fermented chili salt 12
locked & loaded // boyd & blair vodka, orgeat, pimento dram, strawberry & vanilla, cinnamon, lime 12
white linen // hendrick’s gin, st-germain elderflower liqueur, white cranberry, house sour 13
campfire amber // redemption rye, golden falernum, rubarbaro amaro, orange liqueur 13

*ask to see our spirit menu

DRAFT
lightning lager, 81bay brewing, tampa, fl 7
frankie rock hefeweizen, hourglass brewing, longwood, fl 8
humble pie breakfast muffin berliner weisse, hidden springs ale works, tampa, fl 9
z.f.g. ipa, hidden springs ale works, tampa, fl 8
classic amber amber lager, steven’s point brewery, steven’s point, wi 6
irish curse irish red ale, hourglass brewing, longwood, fl 7.5
two pump chump english porter, angry chair brewing, st. pete, fl 8

BOTTLE & CAN
hint of pretentious hibiscus gose, oozlefinch brewing, monroe, va 9
1967 west coast ipa, bowigens beer company, casselberry, fl 9
double hi-pitch double ipa, hi-wire brewing, asheville, nc 9

WHITE WINE

sauvignon blanc leefield station, marlborough
riesling grosset “alea”, clare valley
grenache blanc epiphany, santa barbara county
viognier the white knight, clarksburg, central valley
chenin blanc l’ecole n o 41, yakima valley, columbia valley
semillon blend riccitelli, las compuertas, mendoza 2017
chardonnay bulletin place, barossa valley
chardonnay talley, arroyo grande valley, central coast
chardonnay peay vineyards, sonoma coast 2018
chardonnay stony hill, napa valley 2013
rosé, wolffer estate, long island, new york

albariño laxas, rías baixas
muscadet, michel delhommeau, “harmonie”, sèvre et maine
chardonnay comte lafon, macon-milly-lamartine, burgundy 2018
garganega fattori “daneili”, soave, veneto
sauvignon blanc la tour saint-martin, menetou-salon, loire
pinot grigio tiefenbrunner, alto-adige
trebbiano blend ampeleia, costa toscana, tuscany
riesling leitz “dragonstone”, rheingau

prosecco benaccetto, italy
rosé jeio by bisol, veneto
moscato d’asti la spinetta, piedmont (375ml)
riesling blend pét-nat, sonser “hasta la vizsla”, alsace 2018
brut delamotte, champagne (375ml)
brut nicolas feuillatte, champagne
brut iron horse “russian cuvée”, sonoma county 2014

RED WINE

pinot noir olema by amici cellars, sonoma county
pinot noir soter north valley, willamette valley
pinot noir nicolas jay, willamette valley 2016
merlot blend northstar, columbia valley
cabernet franc the inquisitor, stellenbosch
malbec zuccardi, valle de uco, mendoza
syrah mullineux, swartland 2015
red blend horseshoes & handgrenades, maison noir wines
zinfandel blend storybook mountain “antaeus”, napa valley 2015
petite sirah three wine company, contra costa county
red blend l’ecole n o 41, walla walla valley 2016
red blend cain, cain five, napa valley 2014
cabernet sauvignon bulletin place, barossa valley
cabernet sauvignon blend chappellet mountain cuvée, napa valley
cabernet sauvignon house of cards “cab is king”, napa valley
cabernet sauvignon stewart, napa valley 2014
cabernet sauvignon dunn vineyards, napa valley 2015

gamay sebastien besson, julienas, beaujolais 2018
pinot noir dom. michel magnien, morey-saint-denis, burgundy 2017
pinot noir, alphonse mellot, la moussière, sancerre 2014
super tuscan il bruciato, guado al tasso, bolgheri
grenache blend “cypress cuvee” by kermit lynch, cotes-du-rhone
monastrell tarima hill, alicante
merlot blend chateau malmaison, moulis-en-medoc 2011
grenache blend chateau de saint cosme, gigondas 2018
corvina blend dal forno romano, valpolicella superiore 2012

HAPPY HOUR

MONDAY-FRIDAY 4-6 pm SNACKS

sugar snap peas // sea salt, lemon, olive oil 5
chips & dip // sour cream & onion, chive 5
deviled eggs // bbq, funyun crunch, herbs 5
cheeseburger // lettuce, tomato, sweet onion pickles 12
chicken wings // green chile, agave lime pickle, cilantro 7
shishito peppers // strawberry, turnip, hazelnut, lime yogurt 6

SWEETS

float root beer, orange, or coke, tahitian vanilla 4
ice cream tahitian vanilla, chocolate cookie crumble 2.5

COCKTAILS 7

grapefruit fizz // mi campo tequila, salted grapefruit, lime, topo chico
florida fashioned // evan williams black label, orange, demerara, bitters
classic daiquiri // plantation 3 star rum, lime, sugar
strawberry collins // new amsterdam gin, strawberry, lemon, soda
blueberry smash // wodka vodka, blueberry, lemon
cappelletti spritz // cappelletti, prosecco, club soda

WINE 6/23

BUBBLES
brut, simonet, vin de france

WHITE
rosé, los dos, campo de borja, spain
chardonnay, bulletin place, barossa valley, australia
sauvignon blanc, clifford bay, marlborough, new zealand

RED
red blend, moulin de gassac, languedoc, france
cabernet sauvignon, bulletin place, barossa valley, australia

CAN/BOTTLE 4
coors light lager, colorado, usa
yuengling amber lager, pottsville, pa

DRAFT 5
classic amber lager, steven’s point brewery, steven’s point, wi


The CIA’s Most Highly-Trained Spies Weren’t Even Human

There would be a rustle of oily black feathers as a raven settled on the window ledge of a once-grand apartment building in some Eastern European capital. The bird would pace across the ledge a few times but quickly depart. In an apartment on the other side of the window, no one would shift his attention from the briefing papers or the chilled vodka set out on a table. Nor would anything seem amiss in the jagged piece of gray slate resting on the ledge, seemingly jetsam from the roof of an old and unloved building. Those in the apartment might be dismayed to learn, however, that the slate had come not from the roof but from a technical laboratory at CIA headquarters in Langley, Virginia. In a small cavity at the slate’s center was an electronic transmitter powerful enough to pick up their conversation. The raven that transported it to the ledge was no random city bird, but a U.S.-trained intelligence asset.

From This Story

Video: How to Train a Cat to Star in a Television Commercial

One of the hidden tools of a spy's arsenal? Animals. (Dan Winters) The I.Q. Zoo’s chicken tick-tack-toe booth. (Dan Winters) A dolphin in training to carry Navy equipment. (Bob Bailey Collection) An “acoustic kitty” model. Trainer Bob Bailey says live felines were sent on eavesdropping missions. (Bob Bailey Collection) “‘This is the room we want to get to. Can you get your raven up there to deposit a device?’ yes, we can.” (Dan Winters) The Brelands founded Animal Behavior Enterprises as a commercial venture in 1947 and began training small animals, such as birds. (Animal Behavior Enterprises) In the 1940s and 󈧶s, the Mathematical Genius became a fixture at feed expositions and county fairs. (Animal Behavior Enterprise) Marian Breland (left) and her husband also trained a “muscular goat,” which could trip the sledgehammer to ring the bell. (Animal Behavior Enterprises) The Bunny Photographer, another I.Q. Zoo act, got children to sit still for a minute and provided them with a souvenir photo. (Animal Behavior Enterprises) Breland (with a trained otter) and his wife established their I.Q. Zoo to showcase their methods of operant conditioning. (Courtesy of Bob Bailey) "Larro Larry" was a bull the Brelands trained to snatch a tablecloth off a table, though not without spilage. (Animal Behavior Enterprise) One of Brelands' acts was the mathematical genius, a chicken trained to "answer" arithmetic questions by pecking a pointer. (Animal Behavior Enterprise) Keller Breland (training a dolphin for the Navy) and his wife, Marian, did graduate work with the psychologist B.F. Skinner. (Animal Behavior Enterprises)

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Half a world away from the murk of the cold war, it would be a typical day at the I.Q. Zoo, one of the touristic palaces that dotted the streets of Hot Springs, Arkansas, in the 1960s. With their vacationing parents inca tow, children would squeal as they watched chickens play baseball, macaws ride bicycles, ducks drumming and pigs pawing at pianos. You would find much the same in any number of mom-and-pop theme parks or on television variety shows of the era. But chances are that if an animal had been trained to do something whimsically human, the animal—or the technique—came from Hot Springs.

Two scenes, seemingly disjointed: the John le Carré shadows against the bright midway lights of county-fair Americana. But wars make strange bedfellows, and in one of the most curious, if little-known, stories of the cold war, the people involved in making poultry dance or getting cows to play bingo were also involved in training animals, under government contract, for defense and intelligence work. The same methods that lay behind Priscilla the Fastidious Pig or the Educated Hen informed projects such as training ravens to deposit and retrieve objects, pigeons to warn of enemy ambushes, or even cats to eavesdrop on human conversations. At the center of this Venn diagram were two acolytes of the psychologist B.F. Skinner, plus Bob Bailey, the first director of training for the Navy’s pioneering dolphin program. The use of animals in military intelligence dates back to ancient Greece, but the work that this trio undertook in the 1960s promised an entirely new level of sophistication, as if James Bond’s Q had met Marlin Perkins.

“We never found an animal we could not train,” says Bailey, 76, who in his career has done everything from teaching dolphins to detect submarines to inventing the Bird Brain, an apparatus that enabled a person to play tick-tack-toe against a chicken. (One is in the collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of American History.) “Never,” he repeats, as we sit in the book-cluttered living room of his modest lakefront house in Hot Springs. “Never.”

As I try to summon particularly challenging creatures—Alligators? Moles? Crustaceans?—he asks, “Do you know who Susan Garrett is?” I do not. Garrett, it turns out, is a world champion trainer in the sport of dog agility. A few years ago, Bailey was teaching a course on stimulus control for her students. His stimulus was a laser pointer. One day, he was in the bathroom and saw a spider. “I looked down at this spider and said, hmmm.” He took out his laser, turned it on, and gently blew on the spider. “Spiders don’t like wind—it blows their web down,” he says. “They pull themselves down into the smallest size they can get and hunker down.”

Turn on laser. Blow. Turn on laser. Blow. Bailey did this at several intervals during the day. “By the time I finished all I had to do is turn that light on,” he says, and the spider would go defensive. He returned to the classroom where Garrett was lecturing and announced: “You’ve got a trained spider in your bathroom.”

This is Psych 101: Pavlovian, or “classical,” conditioning. The laser is a conditioned stimulus, the breath an unconditioned stimulus. Over time, the spider so associates one with the other that the mere appearance of the former is enough to trigger a “conditioned response.”

While Pavlov plays a part in our story—“I have a saying in the training business,” Bailey says, “Pavlov is always on your shoulder”—the real inspiration is B.F. Skinner, the Harvard University psychologist who was, in the middle of the 20th century, the most cited scholar of the human mind after Freud. Skinner popularized “operant conditioning,” a practice based less on primal reflex responses and more on getting animals (including humans) to do things voluntarily, based on cues in the environment. When “behavior is followed by a consequence,” Skinner wrote, “the nature of the consequence modifies the organism’s tendency to repeat the behavior in the future.” In his famous operant-conditioning chamber, or “box,” an animal learns to associate an action with a reward. He favored pigeons, which received food for pecking at certain buttons.

During World War II, Skinner received defense funding to research a pigeon-based homing device for missiles. (The birds would be housed in the nose cone their pecking would activate steering engines.) It was never deployed, but the project captured the imagination of two of his graduate students, Keller Breland and his wife, Marian. They left Skinner’s lab in 1947 and went into business in Minnesota as Animal Behavior Enterprises, or ABE. Their main client was General Mills, for whom they trained chickens and other animals for shows advertising General Mills feed at county fairs.

Their business gradually expanded, to zoos and theme parks and appearances on “The Tonight Show” and “Wild Kingdom.” They trained a slew of animals for TV commercials, including Buck Bunny, the coin-depositing rabbit protagonist of a Coast Federal Savings Bank commercial that set a record for repeat airings over two decades. In 1955, in their new home of Hot Springs, Arkansas, the Brelands opened the I.Q. Zoo, where visitors would pay, in essence, to watch Skinnerian conditioning in action—even if in the form of basketball-playing raccoons.

The I.Q. Zoo was both a tourist attraction and a proving ground for systems of operant conditioning. The Brelands didn’t just become America’s pre-eminent commercial animal trainers, they also published their observations in scholarly journals like American Psychologist. Everyone from Walt Disney to Florida’s Marineland wanted their advice. It is thus little surprise that they were invited to the Naval Air Weapons Station at China Lake, California, to address a new Navy program on the training of marine mammals for defense work, headed by Bob Bailey. The fact that China Lake, on the western edge of the Mojave Desert, has neither water nor marine mammals is the sort of detail that does not seem out of place in a story like this.

Bailey’s tenure at China Lake was not his first stint in the desert. As an undergraduate at UCLA in the 1950s, he was hired by the School of Medicine to collect and photograph animals. In his long hours laying traps for kangaroo rats out near Palmdale, he noticed a patch of alfalfa.

“Alfalfa in the middle of nowhere attracts rabbits,” he says. “Any time you have rabbits out in the middle of the Mojave, you’re going to have coyotes.” He found a den nearby and began to notice that the coyotes, upon setting out, would head toward one of two fields. Curious to see if he could condition their behavior, he began placing dead rabbits along the paths he wanted the coyotes to choose. After some months he found that 85 percent of the time, he could get the coyotes to choose the path he designated. He then began tying white strips of cloth near the rabbits. Soon, those white strips alone were enough to direct the coyotes. “It was me,” Bailey says. “That was just me.”

As he earned his bachelor of science degree, he became a kind of part-time animal-behavior boffin. After a brief stint in the Army, with the 525 Military Intelligence Brigade, he found himself back at UCLA, employed as a researcher at the medical school. One day he noticed a flier advertising for a director of training of the Navy’s new dolphin program, which would develop methods of training marine mammals to perform tasks ranging from detecting and clearing mines to retrieving tools. He applied for the job and eventually got it. Any number of scholars were brought out to consult on the program—people like Gregory Bateson, the English anthropologist who was once married to Margaret Mead, and, of course, the Brelands. As Bailey conducted his research, including a quasi-covert training program involving search and detection tasks in the open ocean, he grew increasingly disenchanted with research directives coming from China Lake that focused more on psychology than on intelligence work. “I could see very quickly where these animals would be really useful,” he says, “and yet people who were involved, we would joke, wanted to ‘talk to the dolphins.’”

In 1965, Bailey agreed to join the Brelands and Animal Behavior Enterprises in Hot Springs. Suddenly he found himself in the entertainment business. “I was designing sets, building sets, had to learn how to write a show script,” he says. Training animals “was the easy part.” By now, ABE had more than 50 employees and a full-blown systematic approach to animal training. “We had file drawers full of training protocols,” Bailey says. “You want a macaw to ride a bicycle?” The trainer would go to the front office, ask a secretary for the bicycle-riding protocols. “They’d ask: Was it for cockatoos or macaws? It’s different.”

That June, Keller Breland died of a heart attack at the age of 50, and the day-to-day running of the business largely fell to Bailey. More than a decade later, he and Marian married. “Marian was a softhearted person,” he says. (She died in 2001.) “Business is pretty hard-nosed.”

While at ABE, Bailey designed the Bird Brain, which housed a chicken that would appear to engage the patron in a game of tick-tack-toe. (In reality, a circuit board chose the chicken’s squares when the chicken retired to its “thinkin’ booth” during play, it was pressing a button in response to a light triggered by the human’s moves.) The game was immensely popular (if not without criticism, Bailey says, by the fledgling People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals), though it was rigged so the human—even B.F. Skinner himself—never won. “We built three pieces of equipment where the chicken could lose,” Bailey says. “It didn’t improve our income at all.”

But by then, ABE had a sideline: Not long after Bailey joined the firm, it had begun hearing from various government agencies: the CIA and the Army’s Aberdeen Proving Ground and Limited Warfare Laboratories. “They came to us to solve problems,” Bailey says. “It was the height of the cold war.”

A raven, in espionage parlance, is a male agent tasked with seducing intelligence targets. But avian ravens can be spies as well. When Bailey describes the Western raven, he sounds as if he’s talking about Jason Bourne. “It operates alone, and it does very well alone,” he says. Western ravens are adept at pattern recognition. “They could learn to respond to classes of objects,” he says. “If you’ve got a big desk and a little desk, you could train it to always go to the small one.” They can also carry quite a load. “These things could pick up weights, heavy packages, even file folders,” he says. “It was incredible to watch these ravens carry a load in their beaks that would have defeated an ordinary bird.” They also, he says, could be trained to open file drawers.

Robert Wallace, who headed the CIA’s Office of Technical Services in the 1990s, says the use of animals in intelligence has a long history. “Animals can go places people can’t. Animals are unalerting,” he told me. “The other side of the coin is that although animals can be trained, they have to be constantly trained. The upkeep, care and maintenance is significant.”

It is striking that even as the television program “Flipper” was making dolphins popular with American children, the creatures were becoming embroiled in the cold war arms race. As a partially declassified 1976 CIA document on naval dolphin training notes, the Soviets were “also assessing and replicating U.S. systems while possibly developing countermeasures to certain U.S. systems.” (The Navy still has its Marine Mammal Program, whose website notes that it “is an accredited member of the Alliance of Marine Mammal Parks and Aquariums, an international organization committed to the care and conservation of marine mammals.”)

Even bugs—the kind with legs—were considered by the military establishment. “The Use of Arthropods as Personnel Detectors,” a 1972 report by the Army’s Limited Warfare Laboratory in Aberdeen, Maryland, summarizes research on the possibility of exploiting the “sensory capabilities of insects”—bedbugs, mosquitoes and ticks among them—“for the detection of people.” Scientists ruled out lice (“in a preliminary test they simply crawled about at random”) but saw “feasible” promise in the mosquito Anopheles quadrimaculatus, which “is normally at rest and will fly at the approach of a host,” and so might be used “to detect the approach of people during darkness.”

One of the first projects Bailey says he worked on involved creatures that, in many people’s minds, are beyond training: cats. While cats have a shorter history of domestication than dogs, Bailey insists it is “absolutely not true” that they cannot be trained.

In what has come to be called the “acoustic kitty” project, the CIA’s Directorate of Science and Technology proposed using a cat as a listening device. In their book Spycraft, the CIA’s Wallace and co-author H. Keith Melton write that the agency was targeting an Asian head of state for surveillance, and that “during the target’s long strategy sessions with his aides, cats wandered in and out of the meeting area.” The theory, says Bailey, was that no one would pay attention to the animals’ comings and goings.

“We found that we could condition the cat to listen to voices,” says Bailey. “We have no idea how we did it. But. we found that the cat would more and more listen to people’s voices, and listen less to other things.” Working with Robin Michelson, a California otolaryngologist and one of the inventors of the human cochlear implant, the team turned the cat into a transmitter—with, says Bailey, a wire running from the cat’s inner ear to a battery and instrument cluster implanted in its rib cage. The cat’s movements could be directed—left, right, straight ahead—with ultrasonic sound.

The fate of this asset has become serio-comic lore, obscured by conflicting accounts and CIA classification. Jeffrey Richelson, in his book The Wizards of Langley, quotes ex-CIA official Victor Marchetti on the program’s demise during a field trial: “They put [the cat] out of the van, and a taxi comes and runs him over. There they were, sitting in the van with all those dials, and the cat was dead!”

But Wallace disputes that. “It was a serious project,” he says. “The acoustic kitty was not killed by getting run over by a taxicab.” His source? “The guy who was a principal in the project.” Wallace says Bailey’s name is not familiar to him, though he adds that by the time he joined the agency, “the animal work was really historic.”

Bailey says ABE’s records were destroyed in a 1989 fire, and the CIA declined my request under the Freedom of Information Act for documents relating to animal training for intelligence activities, noting that even “the fact of the existence or nonexistence of requested records is currently and properly classified.” A CIA press officer told me, “Unfortunately, we cannot help you with this.” Thus the agency’s only official word on the project appears in “Views on Trained Cats,” a heavily redacted document in the National Security Archive at George Washington University. While acknowledging that “cats can indeed be trained to move short distances,” it concludes that “the program would not lend itself in a practical sense to our highly specialized needs.”

During the 1960s and 1970s, as dancing chickens entertained crowds at the I.Q. Zoo, Bailey and a handful of his colleagues were undertaking intelligence scenarios nearby. “We had a 270-acre farm,” he says. “We built towns. Like a movie set, there’d be only fronts.” Without disclosing who they were working for, Bailey had his team rearrange the town according to photographs they were given. There were also field demonstrations—including one at the Watergate Hotel in Washington, D.C. “‘This is the room we want to get to,’” Bailey says he was told. “ ‘Can you get your raven up there to deposit a device, and can we listen?’ Yes, we can.” The bird would be conditioned, via a laser spotter, to pick out the room. At Fort Bragg, North Carolina, Bailey created a so-called “squab squad,” pigeons that would fly ahead of a column and signal the presence of enemy soldiers by landing. In tests, the pigeons, says Bailey, thwarted more than 45 attempts by Special Forces troops to ambush a convoy. But, as was so often the case, field operations revealed a problem: There was no way to retrieve the pigeons if they saw no enemy troops.

When I ask Bailey if any of the various animal projects were ever used in real-world scenarios, he turns uncharacteristically laconic. But then a thin smile cracks his face. “We got the ravens into places. We got the cats into places,” he says. “Usually using diplomatic pouches.” He says he carried a raven aboard a commercial flight, against regulations. “It was in a map case under the front seat,” he says, “and every now and then the raven would make a noise.” He makes a low guttural groaning. “I’d be in my seat and I’d go like this,” he says, squirming.

But the nexus between the shadows and the midway proved brittle: When the Senate Select Committee to Study Government Operations with Respect to Intelligence Activities (also known as the Church Committee, for chairman Frank Church of Idaho) was formed in 1975 to investigate abuses of power at several U.S. intelligence agencies, including the CIA, ABE decided to end its intelligence work. And in 1990, the I.Q. Zoo served up its last match of chicken tick-tack-toe.

Over lunch at McClard’s Bar-B-Q (a favorite of former President Bill Clinton, who grew up in Hot Springs), Bailey notes that animal intelligence work of the sort he did has been rendered largely superfluous by technology. “Today, all you have to do is illuminate someone with an infrared laser and pick up the scatter back from that, and you can listen to their conversation without any trouble at all,” he says. “You don’t need a cat.”

But that doesn’t mean Bailey is done. He’s been working with security agencies in Europe, he says, on training dogs, via acoustic signals, to perform any number of security tasks. “There’s nothing that can run up stairs like a dog,” he says. “It has a billion years of evolution behind it.”


Before starting to teach your dog’s commands

  • Be patient and regular
  • Not to push the dog too hard at the start
  • Find a quiet place for the exercises – to avoid distractions
  • Make learning sessions short and simple
  • Make training exercises consistent and a regular thing
  • Never punish your dog
  • Practice at home or garden first before exercising commands publicly
  • Reward the dog for being good
  • Show him what you want him to know- force will not help
  • Teach the dog new commands as soon as he properly learns an old one
  • Make training fun & entertaining
  • Involve yourself in training exercises, not just the dog – he needs a friend to play with

Below is a list with 15 essential dog commands that every dog owner needs.

1. “Watch Me” command

To teach this command to your dog, you should keep the eye contact with the dog, while offering a great treat that you hold in your hand and moving the hand from the dogs nose upwards your face – so to be easy for the dog to watch you & when he watches at you give the command “Watch me”.

Repeat this exercise several times daily until the dog is adequately trained at this. Try to avoid using a treat as a distraction when the dog learns the practice, only use it as a reward.

This command is much needed to get the dog’s attention, and it is the bridge for teaching him other commands.

2. “Sit” command

This is another command that can be taught by putting the dog a treat close to his nose (to smell it better), moving the treat up – so he will follow the treat. The dog, however, cannot catch the treat, as it is naturally in a sitting position that allows him to pull his head high for following the treat & this is the moment you finally give the command “Sit” – accompanied with the treat & by showing affection for the dog. Then the exercise must be repeated until the dog learns the command appropriately.

This command is particularly necessary because through it you can prevent annoying dog behaviors such as dog stopping by to get in trouble with other dogs in the street, jumping on people when going for a walk. By giving this command, the dog will sit and will not move from the existing position. Release or set the dog free with an “Okay” or “Brake”.

3. “Down” command

This is considered a challenging command, as it puts the dog in a passive position. The command can be taught by getting some good smelling treat in a closed hand, then moving that hand close to the dog’s nose & at the moment he or she smells it you move the hand to the floor and the dog will follow. Next, you move the hand along the floor to provoke him to follow the food in a laid on position. The moment the dog is laid on, you give the command “Down” and give him the treat.

For the dog to learn the command, the exercise must be repeated several times daily & in case the dog tries to grab the treat with force say “No.” Release or set the dog free with an “Okay” or “Brake.

4. “Stay” command

This command is taught by asking the dog to “Sit” at first, putting him a treat close to the nose, and giving the command “Stay” & next making a few steps away. In case the dog stays and waits – offer him a treat if he does not – then you say “No” & gradually move few more steps away from the dog – for him to distinguish when he is carrying the exercise correctly and when he is not.

For the command to be properly learned by the dog, the exercise must be repeated several times daily. This command is efficient, as it keeps the dog self-controlled, something that is highly required – particularly in the hyper-energetic dogs.

5. “Heel” command

This command is taught by holding your dog’s leash in your right hand and pulling it on your left side while you are walking, and at a certain point commanding the dog to “Sit.” You also should hold the treat in your left hand & give the command “Heel” in a positive tone of voice.

Next, you should make a few steps, keeping the treat (typically food or toy) by your side.

At the moment you take a break, move the treat upwards, and the dog will sit – then, you can praise him with a treat to show him he is carrying out the task well.

Through this command, the dog will be told to walk right beside you, until you say differently & it is a very useful one, as it teaches the dog to behave next to you – as the owner when he is not leashed and your hands are busy.

6. “Wait” command

This command is taught by walking the dog toward the door and commanding him to “Sit” in front of the closed door. Then, pointing your fingers upwards, presenting the palm of your hand & commanding to “Wait.” As he waits, you open the door gradually, and when the dog tends to move towards the door, you close it – as a sign he needs to wait until he crosses the door.

Do this several times, daily, until he masters it – a time when you will open the door entirely and the dog will not make a move without your command. When you want to let the dog free to walk, you say “Okay,” “Yes” or “Brake” & reward the dog with a treat – as a sign, you agree for him to walk.

This command is very useful as it tells the dog not to run away, as the dog can run through public doors, hallways or stores’ entrances towards the road and put himself in danger.

7. “Come” command

This command can be taught by putting a collar and a leash on your dog, in a specific a distance to the dog, and asking him to “Come” towards you – at the same time pulling the leash a little. The moment the dog comes to you, you must give him a treat to make him aware of the purpose of the exercise – as the dog associates right with the treat.

This exercise must be repeated several times, daily, also, and when you want to release the dog merely say “Okay” and show him your affection.

This is a beneficial exercise since it can protect the dog, if trying to get in trouble with other dogs and if he runs away in the streets or if chasing something or someone.

8. “Off” command

This command is taught by keeping the treat in both closed hands, putting one of your closed hands very near the dog’s face so he can smell and lick it.

As the dog cannot get the treat – since your hand is closed, he will back off eventually, and this is the time for you to open the hand and offer him the treat & give the command “Off.”

This exercise must be repeated several times until the dog masters at it. This exercise is very useful if you want for the dog to get off the home furniture, something or someone.

9. “Take it” & “Drop it” command

This command can be taught by keeping a toy or other object that is of a value for the dog – in one hand, provoking the dog to follow the thing struggling to grab it.

The moment the dog opens the mouth to catch the thing, you must give the command “Take it”- so the dog makes a conditional association of the right thing with a treat (reward).

As he is enjoying his game, playing with that object, offer him an object that is duplicate of that one, that the dog is playing with, then the dog – as the purpose is of the same value to him, will be provoked to drop the first object and grab the second identical object.

The moment he drops it, give the command “Drop it,” and as he opens the mouth to grab the second object you give the command “Take it.”

This exercise needs to be repeated daily until the dog masters at it.

This command is imperative as it helps you to easily take away from the dog things that he harshly grabs.

10. “Out” command

This command can be taught by letting the dog get in his mouth one of his favorite toys. Then, grabbing and keeping a toy against your body, where the dog will initially insist on keeping the toy in his mouth, but as you will keep pulling it towards you, he will release it eventually. This is the moment you must offer the toy back to the dog & start over the same game – and as soon as the dog loses the interest to hold the toy anymore, give the command “Out.”

For the dog to properly master at this, you need to repeat it daily until the dog understands the purpose of the training and remembers the lesson correctly.

The command is needed when the dog gabs in his mouth things that you do not want them to hold.

11. “Leave it” command

This command can be taught by keeping a treat in both of your hands. Putting one of the hands close to the dog’s face – for him to smell it and lick it – and give the command “Leave it.”

Initially the dog will lick and smell the treat and possibly bark to have it, but eventually, he will lose the interest. That is the moment when you will offer the treat that you are hiding on the other closed hand.

Repeat the exercise it until the dog leaves the first treatment as soon as he hears “Leave it” & when he comes for the second treat you give him and show some affection. This exercise must also be repeated daily until the dog properly understands it.

12. “Place, Bed, or Crate” command

This command can be taught by having your dog leashed, holding a leash in one hand and with a treat in the other hand. Guiding the dog with a leash & with the treat that you are holding in the other hand provokes the dog to move towards the place (that can be a bad, a crate, a carpet or a blanket) where you want the dog to stay, & at the moment the dog gets inside the place you must give the command “Place”, and give him the treat.

Repeat this exercise a few times until the dog gets the command properly. To release the dog from the place, just grab it through the leash and say “Okay” or “Brake.”

This command is very beneficial as it tells the dog to stay in his own chosen place. Instead of the term “Place,” you might use the term such as “Your bed,” “Your crate,” “Your blanket” or else when you teach this command to your dog.

This command will help you to position your dog when you want for him to sleep, take a nap or when you have people or kids around your dog, and you do not wish destruction from the dog.

13. “Stand” command

This command can be taught by asking the dog to “Sit” and then getting a treat in your hand that you must put close to the dog’s nose forward and down.

The dog will follow the treat lower and then you must once more move forward your hand with a treat on it, so to put the dog in a standing position as he follows the treat with his mouth. And, this is the moment you give the command “Stand” and offer him the treat as a reward he is doing the right thing.

This exercise must be repeated several times daily also until the dog properly learns it.

This command is needed when the veterinary wants to examine the dog when you want to brush the dog and in many other cases when the standing position of the dog is necessary.

14. “No” command

This command can be taught by putting a treat on the ground and keeping the dog leashed while walking towards the treat. The moment the dog gets provoked by the treat and makes efforts to grab it, you need to tell the dog your command “No” and pull the dog slightly through the leash against you. As he comes approaches and watches you – give him a treat that you are holding in the off-leash hand and say “Yes”- and show him some affection.

Repeat the same command over and over again, daily, and the dog will master at it eventually.

This command is especially important as it keeps the dog away from an improper behavior that might end up doing at home, street, or elsewhere and it immediately brings him back to you.

15. “Settle down”command

This command can be taught by holding a clicker in one hand and a treat on the other hand. Next, pulling the clicker to guide the dog to go in a crate, blanket, small carpet or basket (that are placed few feet away from where you stand) & as soon as he gets in there giving the command “Settle down” and offering a treat inside that place where the dog is sitting – as a reward he is doing the command properly.

Release the dog with an “Okay” or “Brake,” and he will come back to you.

Repeat the exercise enough – daily until the dog gets the exercise correctly.

This command is given to calm down, relax the dog and get him settled in a specific place and it is especially helpful if the dog receives hyperactive and you are trying to do a job from home, trying to clean, have a baby around that is trying to get asleep or when you are trying to have a conversation with a visitor.


Of Course a Russian Dog Is Trained to Fetch Vodka - Recipes

Other than a clear bottle that is 60% water*, for me, vodka is a tool more than anything else . To quote myself (the essence of vanity) from a previous blog post:

—–Vodka: an introduction on how to think of it, or Sydney Frank is the Devil*

—–Dallas Taylor said to me once, “It’s really all just flavored vodka.” This is a somewhat true but very Zen approach to tending bar. Sometimes when I’m on my high horse riding around in my ivory tower I say,

—–“Vodka is the greatest marketing scam ever.” Zane Harris, is more accurate and mature when he says, “Vodka is miss-understood.” Here is why we are all correct. Without burdening you with specific measurements and charts,

—–generally speaking, all liquor starts off as vodka. Vodka is by definition a spirit that is intended to have no flavor, a “grain neutral spirit.”

And that is why I find myself using vodka as a learning tool more than anything else. Pick an ethnicity that you stereotype as cheap, understand me as very “insert your racist phrase here,” in that way. I am generous but I hate waste, in the same way Ray Kroc would judge a restaurant by looking at the mop bucket I judge a bar by the fruit basket. Specifically, when I see a gnarly fruit basket with oranges with thin little swipes cut off by, “zesters,” all willy nilly, about 3 cuts to an orange before you have a zig zag cut orange that appears to have been nibbled by rats. I hate seeing this waste. An orange will easily yield 5 giant garnishes before you juice it into a fresh scratch cocktail right? Only if the bartender is trained. Everyone who works for me gets handed a channel knife (anyone that says zester is heavily chastised) on their first shift an I tell them to zest an entire lemon in one piece. When they fail, and everyone does because this is hard, I give them 12 lemons and a bottle of vodka. Their new charge is to fill the vodka bottle with 12 perfectly zested lemons. And then, much like a 10 ten old that has to smoke a whole pack of cigs when caught taking a puff, the rookie tender will never again waste part of a fruit. And by the way, there is only one channel knife in the world, you might have thought there were more, but there aren’t, rosle channel knife, $20 lasts a lifetime and a even sharpen mine.

The other reason I love vodka as a training exercise here is because I think all us bartenders have had to make 12 shots on the fly with not wanting to work. What is better and easier than pulling an ice cold bottle labeled “Amanda-cello, Evan-cello or Iris-cello,” out of the freezer and while pouring point over your shoulder and say, “she made this on her first day.” People eat that shit up. I got a barback starting next Friday who is going to begin a shift making up a batch o’ lime “Simon-cello,” first thing.

Andrew’s Limoncello Recipe

  • 1 rookie bartender
  • half a bottle of vodka, Monopolowa for crisp or Russian Standard for creamy
  • 12 lemons, zested
  • say, “hey rookie zest lemons into the bottle, get the oils in there.”
  • let it hang out in the fridge for a month
  • remove the peels, put the the booze in a better looking bottle
  • come up with a humble looking label
  • add 150ml 1 to 1 simple syrup
  • throw it in the freezer
  • charge $8 a shot and thank me

thanks to Felicia’s Speakeasy for hosting this month, and for real recipes of how I use vodka, scroll on down to the Nurse Chapel Cocktail below, under the title: Technique: How to stir a drink and how to please a woman.

*stole that line from Jacob Briars, 42 Below Vodka’s Vodka Professor, who is a vodka fueled fountain of wit


Watch the video: Top 10 Dog Breeds In Russia


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